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Genes Dev. 1995 Jun 15;9(12):1491-504.

Mutations in gld-1, a female germ cell-specific tumor suppressor gene in Caenorhabditis elegans, affect a conserved domain also found in Src-associated protein Sam68.

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Department of Genetics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.


The gld-1 gene of Caenorhabditis elegans is a germ-line-specific tumor suppressor gene that is essential for oogenesis. We have cloned the gld-1 gene and find that it encodes two proteins that differ by 3 amino acids. The predicted proteins contain a approximately 170-amino-acid region that we term the GSG domain (GRP33/Sam68/GLD-1), on the basis of significant similarity between GLD-1, GRP33 from shrimp, and the Src-associated protein Sam68 from mouse (also described as GAPap62 from humans). A conserved structural motif called the KH domain is found within the larger GSG domain, suggesting a biochemical function for GLD-1 protein in binding RNA. The importance of the GSG domain to the function of gld-1 in vivo is revealed by mutations that affect 5 different conserved GSG domain residues. These include missense mutations in an absolutely conserved residue of the KH domain that eliminate the tumor suppressor function of gld-1.

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