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Exp Hematol. 1995 Jul;23(7):597-602.

Comparison of the mechanisms regulating IL-5, IL-4, and three other lymphokine genes in the Th2 clone D10.G4.1.

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1
Division of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University, Canberra.

Abstract

The selective eosinophilia characteristic of asthma and parasite infections appears to be dependent on the production of interleukin-5 (IL-5) by activated T lymphocytes; however, little is known about IL-5 gene regulation. In the present study, a comparison was made of the basic mechanisms regulating mRNA levels for IL-5 and four other lymphokines that are coordinately expressed in the Th2 clone D10.G4.1 in response to concanavalin A (Con A) stimulation. Northern blot and nuclear run-off analyses indicated that IL-5 and IL-4 mRNA levels are primarily regulated at the transcriptional level. Regulation of IL-3, IL-6, and IL-10 mRNA levels involved control of mRNA stability and transcription. These three mRNAs were stabilized by cycloheximide (CHX). De novo protein synthesis was obligatory for IL-5 gene transcription and was also required for maximal transcription of the IL-4 and IL-10 genes. Expression of the IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10 genes was resistant to cyclosporine A (CsA), whereas IL-3 and IL-4 gene expression was completely inhibited, indicating the involvement of different signalling pathways in the regulation of these genes. The results indicate that the IL-5 gene and each of the other genes studied are independently regulated, providing the possibility of non-coordinate expression in vivo depending on the nature of the signals received during T cell activation.

PMID:
7601249
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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