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Arerugi. 1995 Apr;44(4):498-502.

[Comparative study of the efficacy of plasma exchange, immunoadsorption plasmapheresis and corticosteroid administration in the treatment of Guillain-Barré syndrome].

[Article in Japanese]

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  • 1Department of Medicine (Neurology), Shinshu University School of Medicine.

Abstract

We have retrospectively compared the efficacy of plasma exchange (PE), immunoadsorption plasmapheresis therapy (IAPP), corticosteroid administration and no treatment in the treatment of the Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS). Forty-two patients with GBS and clinical functional grades of more than Hughes 3 were admitted to Shinshu University Hospital, Nagano Red-cross Hospital and Saku General Hospital between 1978 and 1994. These patients were treated with either PE, IAPP, corticosteroids or no therapy. Eight were treated with PE, eleven with IAPP, twelve with corticosteroids and eleven were untreated. None of the patients were received combined therapy. The four groups of patients were compared on the following points; duration of the deteliocation in symptoms, duration of the worst symptoms, period of the ability to walk after onset, minimum motor nerve conduction velocity (MCV) over the course, maximum cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein concentration over the course, and CSF protein concentration improvement 6 weeks after onset as compared with 2 weeks after onset. The results revealed that the duration of the worst symptoms was shortened more in the IAPP-treated and PE-treated groups than in the other groups. Decreases in CSF protein concentration were more significant in the IAPP-treated and PE-treated groups than in the other groups. There were no significant differences in the other parameters among the groups. Furthermore the clinical symptoms of GBS improved more rapidly with PE and IAPP than with supportive care alone or corticosteroid therapy, especially in the early phase of the disease. IAPP and PE are equally effective.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
7598643
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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