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J Infect Dis. 1995 Dec;172(6):1519-27.

Differences in therapeutic efficacy among cell wall-active antibiotics in a mouse model of gram-negative sepsis.

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1
Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics, and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City 66160, USA.

Abstract

The in vivo efficacy of three cell wall-active antibiotics, imipenem, meropenem, and ceftazidime, was compared in mice rendered hypersusceptible to the pathophysiologic effects of lipopolysaccharide by treatment with D-galactosamine. When CF-1 mice were administered Escherichia coli, D-galactosamine, and saline intraperitoneally, an LD50 was achieved at an inoculum of approximately 2 x 10(4) cfu. Administration of antibiotic at 20 mg/kg resulted in significant but widely variable protective efficacy from E. coli lethality among the three antibiotics. At this dose, an approximately 3-fold increase in LD50 was observed with either meropenem or ceftazidime, whereas administration of imipenem resulted in an approximately 8-fold increase in LD50 (P = .0053). When the dose of antibiotic was decreased to 2 mg/kg, neither meropenem nor ceftazidime could provide measurable protection, whereas imipenem was almost fully protective (P < .002). These differences in protective efficacy were also noted with experimental Pseudomonas aeruginosa but not Staphylococcus aureus infection.

PMID:
7594711
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/172.6.1519
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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