Send to

Choose Destination
J Dev Behav Pediatr. 1995 Aug;16(4):244-50.

Parent-child relationship disorders. Part I. Parental overprotection and the development of the Parent Protection Scale.

Author information

Department of Pediatrics, Ohio State University, College of Medicine, Columbus, USA.


There is a spectrum of parental protective behaviors promoting child safety and security, ranging from neglect to overprotection. This paper describes the development and psychometric properties of a new measure of parental protective behaviors toward children age 2 to 10 years, the Parent Protection Scale (PPS). Items were selected to represent key dimensions of protective behaviors. Factor analyses suggested four subscales: Supervision, Separation Problems, Dependence, and Control. The PPS has acceptable internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and clinical validity. Norms by child age in the form of cutoff points corresponding to +1 SD were determined. Clinical and research uses for the PPS are noted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center