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Hum Reprod. 1995 Jun;10(6):1355-8.

Inhibition of ovarian-derived prorenin to angiotensin cascade in the treatment of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

Author information

1
Division of Reproductive Endocrinology, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90033, USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this experiment was to determine whether use of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, enalapril, would prevent the occurrence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in the rabbit model. A total of 20 adult female New Zealand white rabbits were studied. All rabbits received 75 IU of human menopausal gonadotrophin s.c. each day for 7 days. On day 8, all rabbits received 2500 IU of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG). Ten rabbits were randomly chosen to receive enalapril orally. Five received 1 mg/kg of enalapril and five received 2 mg/kg of enalapril twice daily. The remainder received placebo orally twice daily. On day 10, all rabbits underwent surgical exploration. Total body weight was found to increase significantly in the placebo group (by 293 g, P < 0.001) but not in either group receiving enalapril. Haematocrit also increased significantly in the placebo group (by 3%, P < 0.013) but not in the enalapril groups. Ovarian weights were highest for the 2 mg/kg enalapril group (5.80 +/- 0.52 g), followed by the 1 mg/kg enalapril group (3.64 +/- 0.45), and least for the placebo group (2.69 +/- 0.17). All 10 placebo rabbits met criteria for severe OHSS whereas only six in the enalapril groups did. We concluded that angiotensin II may play a significant role in the development of weight gain, third space fluid accumulation and intravascular fluid depletion in OHSS. ACE inhibition resulted in a 40% decrease in the incidence of OHSS in the rabbit model.

PMID:
7593495
DOI:
10.1093/humrep/10.6.1355
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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