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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1995 Nov;80(11):3121-6.

The inhibitory effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on the secretion of platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase by human decidual macrophages.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oita Medical University, Japan.


The effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 on the secretion of a platelet-activating factor (PAF)-inactivating enzyme, PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), by decidual macrophage populations were examined. 1,25-(OH)2D3 inhibited PAF-AH secretion by either decidual cells or flow cytometrically purified decidual macrophages. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 also decreased the enzyme secretion but at higher concentrations than those required for 1,25-(OH)2D3. The 1,25-(OH)2D3-induced inhibition was partially blocked by protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors, sphingosine and 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-metylpiperazine (H-7). An intracellular calcium channel blocker, bis-(o-aminophenoxy)-ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid, tetra(acetoxymethyl)-ester (BAPTA/AM), also partially blocked the inhibition by 1,25-(OH)2D3, whereas extracellular calcium channel blockers, verapamil and nifedipine, failed to prevent the inhibition. H-7 and BAPTA/AM additively blocked the 1,25-(OH)2D3-induced inhibition. A PKC activator, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate, also decreased PAF-AH secretion. The decrease was abolished by sphingosine or H-7. It is suggested that 1,25-(OH)2D3 may increase the concentration of PAF in the decidua via its inhibitory effect on PAF-AH secretion by decidual macrophages and that the inhibitory action may be mediated by intracellular calcium and PKC-dependent signal transduction. PAF and 1,25-(OH)2D3 may, therefore, play a cooperative role in the regulation of PAF metabolism at the maternal-fetal interface.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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