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J Biol Chem. 1995 Oct 27;270(43):25305-8.

Phosphorylation of tyrosyl residues 350/354 of the beta-adrenergic receptor is obligatory for counterregulatory effects of insulin.

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Department of Molecular Pharmacology, State University of New York, Stony Brook 11794-8651, USA.


Insulin stimulates a loss of function and increased phosphotyrosine content of the beta 2-adrenergic receptor in intact cells, raising the possibility that the beta 2-receptor itself is a substrate for the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase. Phosphorylation of synthetic peptides corresponding to cytoplasmic domains of the beta 2-adrenergic receptor by the insulin receptor in vitro and peptide mapping of the beta 2-adrenergic receptor phosphorylated in vivo in cells stimulated by insulin reveal tyrosyl residues 350/354 and 364 in the cytoplasmic, C-terminal region of the beta 2-adrenergic receptor as primary targets. Mutation of tyrosyl residues 350, 354 (double mutation) to phenylalanine abolishes the ability of insulin to counterregulate beta-agonist stimulation of cyclic AMP accumulation. Phenylalanine substitution of tyrosyl reside 364, in contrast, abolishes beta-adrenergic stimulation itself.

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