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Glia. 1995 Jul;14(3):163-73.

Olfactory bulb ensheathing glia: a unique cell type with axonal growth-promoting properties.

Author information

1
Departamento de Investigación, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

The olfactory bulb (OB) is a structure of the central nervous system (CNS) in which axonal growth occurs throughout the lifetime of the organism. A major difference between the OB and the remaining CNS is the presence of ensheathing glia in the first two layers of the OB. Ensheathing glia display properties that might be involved in the process of regeneration and they appear to be responsible for the permissibility of the adult OB to axonal growth. In fact, transplants of ensheathing glia can be used as promoters of axonal regeneration within the adult CNS. The axonal growth-promoting properties of ensheathing glia make the study of this cell type interesting for understanding the mechanisms underlying axonal regeneration. Several groups have studied OB ensheathing cells extensively in an attempt to classify them within any of the known glial groups. However, this cell type does not exhibit the phenotypic features of any glial population described thus far. In this article we review the characteristics that differentiate ensheathing glia from other peripheral and central glial populations as well as the properties that involve them in axonal regeneration. The evidence suggests that ensheathing glia are unique, have their own identity, and do not belong to any previously described glial type.

PMID:
7591028
DOI:
10.1002/glia.440140302
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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