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Gene. 1995 Oct 27;164(2):251-4.

The mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase complex: nucleotide and deduced amino-acid sequences of a cDNA encoding the Arabidopsis thaliana E1 alpha-subunit.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA.


A cDNA encoding the E1 alpha subunit of the Arabidopsis thaliana (At) mitochondrial (mt) pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) was sequenced. The 1435-bp cDNA consists of a 1167-bp open reading frame encoding a 43.0-kDa polypeptide of 389 amino acids (aa) (pI 7.1). The plant E1 alpha subunit has 47-51% aa sequence identity with other eukaryotic sequences. Among the regions that are highly conserved are the aa surrounding phosphorylation sites 1 and 2 of the mammalian sequence, including the conserved Ser292 residue of At at site 1. An essential active site residue, Cys62 of the bovine subunit, is also conserved. A 32-aa presumptive mt targeting sequence is present at the N terminus.

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