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Gene. 1995 Oct 16;164(1):25-31.

Cloning and transcription regulation of the ferric uptake regulatory gene of Campylobacter jejuni TGH9011.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


A Campylobacter jejuni (Cj) TGH9011 (ATCC 43431) gene homologous to the Escherichia coli ferric uptake regulatory gene (fur) has been cloned and characterized. Cj fur encodes a polypeptide consisting of 157 amino acids (aa) (18.1 kDa). The 5'-flanking region of the Cj fur gene contains two putative catabolite activator protein (CAP)-binding sequences and four Fur boxes or Fur-binding sequences (FBS), implicating cAMP and autogenous regulation respectively. A major and a minor transcription start point (tsp) were active in Fe(+) and Fe(-) media and three tsp were suppressed in Fe(+) condition. The major transcript has an unusually short leader sequence. The homology of the Cj Fur to other Proteobacteria Fur proteins is moderately low with identity ranging from 36.3% for Yersinia pestis to 31.8% for Legionella pneumophila. Multiple alignments of the Fur sequences identified three conserved motifs, I [aGLKvTlpR1KiL], II [eiGlATvYR] and III [HHDHlvCldcGeviEf] (uppercase aa are identical in 12 or all 13 Fur sequences and lowercase aa are identical in six or more sequences). A truncated TGFH9011 Fur missing 18 aa of the N terminus but retaining all three conserved motifs was shown to bind all four FBS sequences. The binding and transcription studies support autoregulation of fur expression in Cj.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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