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Gen Pharmacol. 1995 Oct;26(6):1191-201.

The use of the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y to study the effect of second messengers on noradrenaline release.

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Institute for Cardiovascular Research, University of Leeds, U.K.


1. Recent data suggesting that the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y is a suitable cell line in which to study the effect of second messengers on NA release are discussed in the context of current views on exocytosis. 2. Release of NA is evoked by depolarization, as well as activation of muscarinic (M3) and bradykinin (B2) receptors in SH-SY5Y cells which have not been differentiated by the addition of growth factors. 3. Evoked release is enhanced by activation of protein kinase C. 4. Activation of protein kinase C decreases the changes in intracellular calcium evoked by carbachol, bradykinin and 100 mM K+. 5. SH-SY5Y express N-type and L-type voltage sensitive Ca2+ channels. L-Type Ca(2+)-channels are coupled to NA release under conditions of weak depolarization. However with strong depolarization (100 mM K+) both L-type and N-type channels are involved. 6. Muscarinic- and neuropeptide Y receptors are coupled to the inhibition of Ca2+ channel activity.

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