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Eur J Immunol. 1995 Sep;25(9):2668-72.

Interleukin-10 differentially regulates B7-1 (CD80) and B7-2 (CD86) expression on human peripheral blood dendritic cells.

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Department of Immunology, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.


Most of the immunosuppressive effects of interleukin-10 (IL-10) are related to functional inhibition of antigen-presenting cells (APC). Herein, we investigate the influence of recombinant (r)IL-10 on human dendritic cells (DC) purified from peripheral blood of healthy volunteers. First, we found that rIL-10 inhibited in a dose-dependent manner the proliferative responses as well as the production of IL-2 and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) between purified T cells and DC. This rIL-10 effect could be attributed to a direct effect on DC, as DC preincubated with rIL-10 were found to be deficient in the induction of alloreactive T cells even when anti-IL-10 neutralizing mAb was added at the time of MLR. Flow cytometric analysis indicated that rIL-10 did not modify the expression of ICAM-1 (CD54) and B7-1 (CD80), but decreased HLA-DR and B7-2 (CD86) expression at the DC surface. We conclude that the inhibitory effect of rIL-10 on primary alloreactive T cell responses involves down-regulation of class II MHC and B7-2 expression at the DC surface.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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