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Eur J Clin Invest. 1995 Aug;25(8):574-83.

Hyperlipidaemia in renal transplantation--risk factor for long-term graft outcome.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

The role of hyperlipidaemia for the outcome of renal transplantation was evaluated in a prospective study involving 151 patients. Graft losses were associated with more pronounced pre-transplant lipid abnormalities. An increased risk of graft loss during the first two post-transplant years was found in patients with marked pre-transplant hypercholesterolaemia (> or = 6.9 mmol L-1, P = 0.014; relative risk 2.2). Hypercholesterolaemia > or = 6.9 mmol L-1 at 6 months after transplantation, present in 41/115 patients, was associated with a lower GFR (P = 0.007) and more pronounced albuminuria (P = 0.009) at 2 years. In patients with graft dysfunction (serum creatinine > 160 mumol L-1) at 2 years, more pronounced lipid abnormalities before and at 6 months after transplantation were found. Between 6 months and 2 years, total and LDL cholesterol did not change significantly, but HDL cholesterol decreased (P = 0.03). In conclusion, hyperlipidaemia is also a risk factor for the long-term outcome in renal transplantation. Further investigations are needed to determine whether graft losses and late graft failure can be prevented or ameliorated by treating hyperlipidaemia in renal transplantation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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