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Electrophoresis. 1995 May;16(5):793-9.

Biological activity of prostate-specific antigen isolated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and electroelution.

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Heinrich-Pette-Institut für Experimentelle Virologie und Immunologie, Universität Hamburg, Germany.


Human prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a 33 kDa kallikrein-like serine protease, occurring in the prostate, in seminal plasma and in blood, was prepared under nonreducing conditions in an enzymatically active form from seminal plasma by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), followed by fast copper staining, electroelution from gel slices and dialysis against isotonic phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). Enzymatic activity was demonstrated for the first time directly by cleavage of semenogelin, one of the biological substrates of PSA, isolated by the same procedure, i.e. SDS-PAGE and electroelution, but from seminal vesicle fluid. The purified PSA formed SDS-stable complexes with the two major extracellular protease inhibitors in blood, alpha 1-antichymotrypsin (alpha 1-ACH) and alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2-M). PSA isolated under reducing conditions was enzymatically inactive and could not bind to the protease inhibitors alpha 1-ACH and alpha 2-M.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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