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East Afr Med J. 1995 Aug;72(8):515-8.

Epidemiology of HIV infection among long distance truck drivers in Kenya.

Author information

1
Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.

Abstract

A total number of two hundred eighty three long distance truck drivers and their assistants (loaders) who ferry goods between Kenya and Zaire were included in a cross-sectional study between September 1991 and April 1992. Twenty six percent of the study subjects were seropositive for HIV-1 and none were HIV-2 seropositive. Countries of birth and residence were significantly associated with HIV infection (X2 = 23.6, P = 0.0006). Significant associations were also found between HIV seropositivity and level of education from secondary school and above (OR = 3.4, 95% C.I. = 1.01-11.55); being circumcised was more protective, (OR = 0.38; 95% C.I. = 0.19-0.76), history of many years of driving (X2 = 9.3, p = 0.0254) and income (OR = 11.13, 95% C.I. = 1.35-91.95). When a stepwise multiple logistic regression model was fitted to all the variables observed to be significant in the univariate analysis, the following risk factors attained statistical significance: lack of circumcision (OR = 3.75); income greater than Ksh. 2000 (OR = 7.24); being employed in long distance driving more than 11 years (OR = 3.98); and secondary school education and above (OR = 4.06, 95% C.I. = 1.18-13.98). Reference for all the above Odds Ratios was 1.

PIP:

A total number of 283 long distance truck drivers and their assistants (loaders) who ferry goods between Kenya and Zaire were included in a cross-sectional study between September 1991 and April 1992. 26% of the study subjects were seropositive for HIV-1 and none were HIV-2 seropositive. Countries of birth and residence were significantly associated with HIV infection (chi square = 23.6, p = 0.0006). Significant associations were also found between HIV seropositivity and level of secondary school education and above (OR = 3.4, 95% CI = 1.01-11.55); being circumcised, which was more protective (OR = 0.38, 95% CI = 0.19-0.76); a history of many years of driving (chi square = 9.3, p = 0.0254); and income (OR = 11.13, 95% CI = 1.35-91.95). When a stepwise multiple logistic regression model was fitted to all the variables observed to be significant in the univariate analysis, the following risk factors attained statistical significance: lack of circumcision (OR = 3.75); income greater than Ksh. 2000 (OR = 7.24); being employed in long distance driving more than 11 years (OR = 3.98); and secondary school education and above (OR = 4.06, 95% CI = 1.18-13.98). Reference for all the above odds ratios was 1.

PMID:
7588147
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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