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Cranio. 1995 Jan;13(1):42-3.

The TMJ-ear connection.

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Department of Surgery, ENT, Otolaryngology, Head and Neck, Stanford University, School of Medicine, CA, USA.


This article documents the existence of three structures that traverse through the petrotympanic fissure. These structures are the mandibular malleolar ligament, the chorda tympani nerve and the anterior tympanic artery. The mandibular malleolar ligament or the disk-malleolar ligament originates on the anterior process of the mallous. It traverses through the petro-tympanic fissure and attaches to the posterior portion of the capsule and disk of the temporomandibular joint. The chorda tympani nerve supplies sensory feeling to the posterior two thirds of the tongue. The anterior tympanic artery supplies blood to the area of the tympanic membrane. Clinical experience with implants that impinge or cover ear problems and other symptoms. Removal of these implants and placements with devices that do not cover these structures often relieve these symptoms.

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