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CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes of patients with AIDS synthesize increased amounts of interferon-gamma.

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Institute of Microbiology, University of Brescia, Italy.


Individual cells capable of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) synthesis are easily detected by immunofluorescence and flow cytometric analysis using an anti-IFN-gamma monoclonal antibody as specific reagent. By IFN-gamma flow cytometry assay, we demonstrated that HIV-seropositive patients, starting at the early stage of viral infection, generally have an increased percentage of lymphocytes potentially able to produce IFN-gamma, compared with healthy blood donors. IFN-gamma expression in patient lymphocytes was observed to increase with the progressive stages of HIV infection, with the highest figures occurring in stage C patients. Such increased IFN-gamma expression involved both CD4+ and CD8+ T cell subsets. Most interestingly, we found patients at the same stage of HIV infection who had similar numbers of total and CD4+ lymphocytes but highly different percentages of lymphocytes potentially capable of producing IFN-gamma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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