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Undersea Hyperb Med. 1995 Sep;22(3):241-8.

Maximum sustained fin-kick thrust in underwater swimming.

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Coastal Research Department, Japan Marine Science & Technology Center, Yokosuka, Japan.


We examined the upper limit of a diver's fin-kick thrust force using a stationary-swimming ergometer. Heart rate, respiratory minute volume, oxygen uptake, and performance rate were measured in four male subjects who swam constantly for 8 min to maintain a horizontal position against an applied force at a depth of 0.7 m. The water temperature was controlled at 26 degrees +/- 1 degree C. The performance rate, which was the parameter of how well the subjects compensated for the applied load, showed an upper limit around 64 N of sustainable thrust force. This meant that the diver could generate the swimming thrust force within 64 N continuously for 8 min in a steady state. Heart rate, respiratory minute volume, and O2 uptake showed almost proportional increases to the applied load within 64 N and tended to plateau about 69 N.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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