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Antisense Res Dev. 1995 Summer;5(2):115-21.

Stability and pharmacokinetic characteristics of oligonucleotides modified at terminal linkages in mice.

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Department of Drug Delivery Research, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Japan.


To construct the strategy for delivery systems that can control in vivo disposition of antisense oligonucleotides, we studied the stability and basic pharmacokinetic characteristics of oligonucleotides. Decathymidylic acid (T10), a model oligodeoxynucleotide, and its derivatives, 5'-biotin-T10) and 3'-methoxyethylamine 5'-biotin-T10 (3'M5'B-T10), containing phosphoroamidate modification at 3'- and/or 5'-terminal internucleoside linkages, were synthesized. In phosphate-buffered saline (PBS, pH 7.4) containing 10% mouse serum, unmodified T10 was degraded with a half-life of 45 minutes; the degradation half-lives of 5'B-T10 and 3'M5'B-T10 were 11 and 30 h, respectively. In mouse whole blood, 3'M5'B-T10 was relatively stable, and 45% remained intact after 1 h incubation. After intravenous injection of [3H]3'M5'B-T10 into mice at a dose of 1 mg/kg, the radioactivity was rapidly cleared from plasma with a half-life of 2 minutes and accumulated in the kidney, liver, and gallbladder. About 30% of the dose was excreted in the urine within 60 minutes. A much more rapid degradation of [3H]3'M5'B-T10 was observed in vivo than expected from in vitro experiments: more than 90% of the radioactivity in plasma was degradation product at 2 minutes after injection. These results suggested that enzymatic degradation occurred in some compartments in addition to the blood pool. The apparent urinary excretion clearance of [3H]3'M5'B-T10 was close to that of inulin, whereas the apparent hepatic uptake clearance was much greater than that of inulin and comparable to that of dextran sulfate, which is taken up by the liver by scavenger receptors for polyanions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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