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Autoimmunity. 1995;20(4):267-75.

Increased natural autoantibody activity to cytoskeleton proteins in sera from patients with necrobiosis lipoidica, with or without insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

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1
Department of Immunology, Hellenic Pasteur Institute, Athens, Greece.

Abstract

Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL), a skin disease, is associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Natural autoantibody (NAb) activity in sera from 16 patients suffering from NL, with or without IDDM, was compared to that in sera from 41 patients with IDDM and 43 healthy controls. Isotype-specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were used to detect NAbs against actin, myosin, keratin, desmin, troponin, tropomyosin, thyroglobulin, insulin, single-stranded DNA and the hapten trinitrophenyl. NAb activity was significantly higher in sera from patients with NL (either with or without IDDM), compared with that detected in sera from patients with IDDM which was similar to that of healthy individuals. High proportion of NL sera exhibited increased IgG anti-tropomyosin (69%), anti-troponin, anti-desmin and anti-keratin (50% each), anti-insulin (44%) and anti-trinitrophenyl (31%) activities, as well as increased IgA and IgM anti-keratin activities (26% and 31%, respectively). The great majority (88%) of positive sera were polyreactive and contained NAbs, polyspecific and monospecific (as demonstrated by immunoadsorption studies), belonging to more than one isotype; there was no predominant serological reactivity pattern. In conclusion, increased NAb activity to cytoskeleton proteins is associated with the dermatological disease NL and not to the overlapping autoimmune disease (IDDM). The origin and significance of these NAbs is discussed.

PMID:
7578889
DOI:
10.3109/08916939508995704
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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