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Biochemistry. 1995 Oct 31;34(43):14254-62.

Interfacial catalysis by phosphoinositide 3'-hydroxykinase.

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Department of Cancer Research, Merck Research Laboratories, West Point, Pennsylvania 19486, USA.


Phosphorylation of phosphoinositides by phosphoinositide 3'-hydroxykinase (PI3K) occurs at a lipid/water interface. We have determined that highly purified recombinant human P13K binds tightly to vesicle interfaces composed primarily of phosphatidylinositol (PI) or 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphomethanol (DMPM). The rate of desorption of PI3K from the vesicle interface is slow and does not significantly affect the observed product formation kinetics. Observations which demonstrate that PI3K is tightly bound to the vesicle lipid/water interface include the following: (1) product formation plateaus rapidly, even in the presence of active enzyme and excess substrate; (2) total product formation is proportional to the amount of PI3K; (3) initial product formation rates are unaffected by bulk lipid concentration but are dependent on the interfacial substrate concentration; and (4) PI3K partitions with lipid vesicles in sedimentation gradients. This enzymatic profile has been referred to as catalysis in the "scooting" mode (Berg et al., 1991). A kinetic analysis of PI3K catalysis in the scooting mode is presented. The interfacial Km,app for PI was determined to be approximately 6.0 mol % in PI/DMPM vesicles. The ratio of specificity constants (kcat/Km) for PI, phosphatidylinositol 4-monophosphate (PIP), and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-diphosphate (PIP2) utilization was determined to be near unity. These results provide a rigorous enzymological framework for the kinetic analysis of PI3K inhibitors.

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