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Biochem Cell Biol. 1995 Mar-Apr;73(3-4):147-53.

Physiological role of GlpB of anaerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of Escherichia coli.

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University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.


Anaerobic sn-glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of Escherichia coli is encoded by an operon of three genes, glpACB. The promoter distal gene, glpB, encodes a 44-kilodalton polypeptide that is not part of the purified soluble dehydrogenase. By recombinant plasmid complementation, in a strain harboring a chromosomal deletion of glpACB, we found that all three genes were essential for anaerobic growth on glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P). By isolation of inner membrane preparations we confirmed the cytoplasmic membrane localization of GlpB. GlpB displayed an electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum that suggested the presence of iron-sulfur center(s) within GlpB. We used this spectrum to show that the center(s) were reduced by the artificial reductant dithionite and by the physiological substrate G3P but not by lactate or formate. The center(s) were oxidized by fumarate. These data indicated that GlpB mediates electron transfer from the soluble GlpAC dimer to the terminal electron acceptor fumarate via the membrane-bound menaquinone pool.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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