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Arq Gastroenterol. 1994 Oct-Dec;31(4):125-9.

[Paracentesis associated to dextran-70 in the treatment of ascites in patients with chronic liver diseases: a randomized therapeutic study].

[Article in Portuguese]

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Serviço de Gastro-Hepatologia, Hospital Universitário Prof. Edgar Santos - Universidade Federal da Bahia.


The treatment of ascites of large volume in chronic liver disease patients was evaluated in the present study. We compared diuretics with paracentesis and an infusion of Dextran-70. Therapeutic efficacy, complications and length of hospital stay were the variables studied. Of the 38 patients, 20 were selected randomly. They were evaluated using clinical, laboratory and/or histological criteria: 10 patients in the paracentesis group with Dextran-70 and 10 in the diuretic group. The groups were similar with respect to age, diagnosis and Child-Pugh classification. However, there was a greater number of males in the paracentesis group with Dextran-70. In each paracentesis, an average of 9.41 liters (4.5 to 14.1) of ascitic fluid was collected. The average hospitalization period in the paracentesis group with Dextran-70 was 10.5 days (8-14), significantly less when compared to the diuretic group: 24.4 days (14-48). In the diuretic group one patient presented complications such as hyperkalemia, increased urea and creatinine levels, while in the paracentesis group with Dextran-70 one patient presented a temperature above 38 degrees C during treatment. The results suggest that paracentesis associated with Dextran-70 could be a therapeutic alternative for chronic liver disease patients with ascites in our population. It was effective; it had no significant side effects; it reduced the length of hospital stay and therefore should decrease the cost and the risk of complications in patients requiring prolonged hospitalization periods.

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