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Anaesthesia. 1995 Sep;50(9):786-8.

The effect of different end-tidal volatile agent and carbon dioxide concentrations upon the incidence of postoperative shivering.

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University of Nottingham, Derbyshire Royal Infirmary, Derby.


Sixty patients (47 female) undergoing surgical excision of three or more wisdom teeth were randomly allocated into three groups with differing end-tidal carbon dioxide and volatile agent concentrations during maintenance of anaesthesia. The anaesthetic techniques employed were identical in all other respects. All patients were observed for 10 min after arrival in the recovery area to assess the presence and severity of shivering, axillary temperature and oxygen saturation. There were no significant differences in axillary temperatures between groups or between shivering and non-shivering patients, although there was a significant difference (p = 0.001) in duration of anaesthesia between shivering and non-shivering patients. There was no significant difference between groups with respect to the incidence of shivering (p = 0.96).

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