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Am J Surg Pathol. 1995 Nov;19(11):1224-36.

Pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic tumor of the urinary bladder in children: a study of 11 cases with review of the literature. An Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study.

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  • 1IRS Pathology Center, Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA.


Pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic tumor (PMT) is the result of reactive proliferation of myofibroblasts. In children, PMT of the urinary bladder can be mistaken for embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma clinically, radiologically, and by light microscopy. We are reporting the clinical, histological, and immunohistological features of 11 patients with childhood PMT of urinary bladder that were diagnosed initially as a sarcoma, usually rhabdomyosarcoma. The morphologic spectrum of PMT is broad, with mixtures of myxoid, leiomyomatous, and sclerosing matrix patterns, the myxoid type being the most common. The proliferating cells consist of three forms of myofibroblastic cells: long spindle cells (type I), intermediate spindle cells (type II), and ganglion-like cells (type III), together with various types of inflammatory cells. The immunohistologic profile of the proliferating cells was characterized by positive reactions to vimentin, muscle-specific actin, alpha-smooth-muscle actin, polyclonal desmin, and keratin. Ultrastructural studies showed myofibroblastic differentiation of the tumor cells. No patients have had metastases or local recurrence. Histologic, immunohistochemical, and clinical data from 71 cases of PMT, including the 11 cases in this report, confirm the benign behavior of these lesions. The etiology of these lesions is unclear, including the absence of surgical or other trauma in all of the children.

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