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Am J Physiol. 1995 Sep;269(3 Pt 2):R544-51.

Effect of diet on insulin- and contraction-mediated glucose transport and uptake in rat muscle.

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1
Department of Medical Physiology, Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

A diet rich in fat diminishes insulin-mediated glucose uptake in muscle. This study explored whether contraction-mediated glucose uptake is also affected. Rats were fed a diet rich in fat (FAT, 73% of energy) or carbohydrate (CHO, 66%) for 5 wk. Hindquarters were perfused, and either glucose uptake or glucose transport capacity (uptake of 3-O-[14C]-methyl-D-glucose (40 mM)) was measured. Amounts of glucose transporter isoform GLUT-1 and GLUT-4 glucose-transporting proteins were determined by Western blot. Glucose uptake was lower (P < 0.05) in hindlegs from FAT than from CHO rats at submaximum and maximum insulin [4 +/- 0.4 vs. 5 +/- 0.3 (SE) mumol.min-1.leg-1 at 150 microU/ml insulin] as well as during prolonged stimulation of the sciatic nerve (4.4 +/- 0.4 vs. 5.6 +/- 0.6 mumol.min-1.leg-1). Maximum glucose transport elicited by insulin (soleus: 1.7 +/- 0.2 vs. 2.6 +/- 0.2 mumol.g-1.5 min-1, P < 0.05) or contractions (soleus: 1.8 +/- 0.2 vs. 2.6 +/- 0.3, P < 0.05) in red muscle was decreased in parallel in FAT compared with CHO rats. GLUT-4 content was decreased by 13-29% (P < 0.05) in the various fiber types, whereas GLUT-1 content was identical in FAT compared with CHO rats. It is concluded that a FAT diet reduces both insulin and contraction stimulation of glucose uptake in muscle and that these effects are associated with diminished skeletal muscle glucose transport capacities and GLUT-4 contents.

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