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Am Heart J. 1995 Oct;130(4):717-22.

Acute changes in atrial natriuretic peptide, insulin-like growth factor-1, and lactate levels during left anterior descending coronary artery angioplasty.

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Department of Cardiological Sciences, St. George's Hospital Medical School, London, U.K.


This study examines acute changes in circulating levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) during short periods of myocardial ischemia experienced at coronary angioplasty. Ten patients (mean age 55.7 +/- 3.9 years, nine men) undergoing angioplasty to the left anterior descending coronary artery were studied. Angioplasty of the left anterior descending coronary artery was performed with the balloon inflations maintained at 6 to 10 atm for 20 to 90 seconds. Blood was sampled from the coronary sinus for ANP, IGF-1 (both total and free), and lactate levels at (1) after catheterization of the coronary sinus, (2) after the initial left coronary angiography, (3) immediately after balloon deflation, and (4) 5 minutes after deflation. ANP levels (pmol/L +/- SEM) rose significantly at the end of balloon deflation (13.4 +/- 2.8; p < 0.01) compared with baseline levels (8.8 +/- 1.9). This rise was sustained for at least 5 minutes after balloon deflation (13.7 +/- 3.1; p < 0.01). ANP levels were not affected by the injections of angiographic contrast media. Free IGF-1 levels rose after injections of radiographic contrast but not after balloon inflation or deflation. Total IGF-1 levels did not change significantly at any of the sampling times. Lactic acid (mmol/L) levels rose at the end of balloon inflation (2.66 +/- 0.6) compared with baseline (2.13 +/- 0.7; p < 0.05) but returned to normal within 5 minutes of balloon deflation. Neither lactic acid levels nor release of ANP or IGF-1 correlated with the initial left ventricular end-diastolic pressure or the degree of electrocardiographic ST depression during the procedure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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