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Wien Klin Wochenschr. 1995;107(16):479-84.

[Strategies in management of heart transplantation candidates with tachycardic ventricular arrhythmia anamnesis].

[Article in German]

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Abteilung für Herz-Thoraxchirurgie, Universität Wien.


We followed up 73 consecutive patients with a history of syncopal ventricular tachyarrhythmias on the waiting list for a heart transplant between 1st March 1992 and 15th September 1994 with the aim of evaluating the impact of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) on survival. On registration 60 patients were considered fit enough to be ambulant whilst awaiting transplantation. 30 were given ICD therapy (group 1) and 30 were not (group 2). 13 patients required inpatient supervision for ventricular arrhythmias whilst awaiting transplantation, but received no ICD therapy (group 3). The 13 in-patients were in a worse clinical state (NYHA) than the 30 out-patients not given ICD (p < 0.05). With respect to all other clinical and hemodynamic characteristics all groups were comparable. Waiting time for transplantation was also comparable in all groups (n.s., log-rank method). ICD therapy resulted in a significant improvement of survival in these high-risk patients prior to transplantation. Only 1 out of the 30 ICD patients (group 2) and 5 out of the 13 in-patients (group 3) (p < 0.05 log-rank method). During the waiting time group 3 patients were hospitalised longest (p < 0.05), but there was a clear trend that also ICD patients had to be hospitalised to an increased extent (n.s.). Cox multivariate regression analysis of this study population showed that the cardiac index (p = 0.001) and lack of ICD therapy (p = 0.035) were the only independent significant predictors of mortality on the waiting list. ICD therapy had no influence on mortality after transplantation (n.s. log-rank method).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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