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Vet Microbiol. 1995 Jul;45(2-3):185-9.

Evaluation of a potassium chloride extract of Brucella abortus in an ELISA for detecting Brucella antibodies in bulk tank milk samples from cows.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Preventive Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames 50011, USA.

Abstract

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed using as antigen a potassium chloride extract of Brucella abortus strain 1119-3 for detecting Brucella antibodies in bulk tank samples of cow's milk. Three-hundred-thirty-four Milk Ring Test (MRT) suspicions milk samples originating from cattle herds in 13 states and 106 BRT negative milk samples were analyzed. Fifty-four of 334 MRT suspicious milk samples were positive on ELISA; bacteriologic examinations revealed B. abortus field strain was isolated from cows in 15 herds, B. abortus strain 19 was isolated from cows in 16 herds and serologic suspects were reported in 6 of the other 23 herds. Two-hundred-fifty-eight (85.6%) of the 301 MRT suspicious samples were negative on ELISA; field investigations and/or serologic tests on cattle failed to disclose Brucella infection in these herds. Suspicious ELISA reactions were detected in 22 MRT suspicious bulk tank milk samples; serologic suspects were reported in 8 of the 22 herds. No false positive ELISA reactions were detected in the 106 MRT negative bulk tank milk samples collected from dairy herds in 7 states.

PMID:
7571369
DOI:
10.1016/0378-1135(94)00120-l
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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