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Scand J Immunol. 1995 Oct;42(4):501-4.

Functional analysis of a new polymorphism in the human TNF alpha gene promoter.

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Steno Diabetes Center, Gentofte, Denmark.


In this paper the functional relevance of a TNFA promoter polymorphism, a G/A polymorphic sequence at position -238, was tested by analysing its influence on TNF alpha production upon in vitro stimulation of monocytes from 78 healthy, unrelated individuals by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or after allogenic stimulation in a panel of 32 healthy individuals. All TNFA-A positive individuals were either DR3 or DR7 positive, confirming the previously reported strong linkage disequilibrium of the TNFA-A allele with the two extended haplotypes (B18, F1C30, DR3) and (B57, SC61, DR7). No individuals homozygous for the TNFA-A allele were present in the panel. The mean level of TNF alpha production was not significantly different in TNFA-G/G homozygous and in TNFA-A/G heterozygous individuals after LPS stimulation of monocytes (P = 0.35) or after allogenic stimulation (P = 0.7). After LPS and allogenic stimulation DR3 positive individuals had a higher mean TNF production. This could not be further differentiated by typing for TNF -283.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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