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Radiat Res. 1995 Oct;144(1):26-35.

Induction and rejoining of DNA double-strand breaks and interphase chromosome breaks after exposure to X rays in one normal and two hypersensitive human fibroblast cell lines.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Radiobiologie Cellulaire, Institut Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif, France.

Abstract

The aim of this work was to measure simultaneously and in a quantitative manner double-strand breaks (DSBs), interphase chromosome breaks and cell lethality either immediately after irradiation, or at various times thereafter (up to 24 h), in cells of three nontransformed human fibroblast cell lines of widely different intrinsic radiosensitivity. We wished to assess initial damage, repair kinetics and residual damage at the DNA and the chromosome level, and to correlate these parameters with cell killing. We employed HF19 cells, a normal fibroblast cell line, AT2 cells, a radiosensitive cell line from a patient suffering from ataxia telangiectasia (AT), and 180BR cells, a radiosensitive cell line from a patient with no clinical symptoms of AT. AT2 and 180BR cells, in addition to being radiosensitive, also display a reduced ability to repair potentially lethal damage compared to HF19 cells. The yield of DSBs, as measured by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, is similar in all three cell lines (slopes correspond to 1.6-1.7% Gy-1 of DNA-associated radioactivity released from the gel well into the lane). In contrast, residual DSBs measured 24 h after irradiation are almost zero for HF19 cells (0.1% confidence interval = 0-1.4%), but are 12.5% (+/- 2.3%) and 43.8% (+/- 1.2%) of those measured immediately after irradiation in AT2 and 180BR cells, respectively. Residual interphase chromosome breaks are 11.6% (+/- 1.6%), 29.7% (+/- 5.7%) and 41.4% (+/- 2.2%) of those measured immediately after irradiation in HF19, AT2 and 180BR cells, respectively. Neither the initial yield of DSBs nor that of excess interphase chromosome breaks can explain the differences in radiosensitivity between the three cell lines; however, there is a correlation between residual DSBs, rate of DSB rejoining at 24 h, residual interphase chromosome breaks on the one hand and cell survival on the other hand.

PMID:
7568768
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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