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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Sep 26;92(20):9392-6.

The amino-terminal domain of the prokaryotic enhancer-binding protein XylR is a specific intramolecular repressor.

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1
Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

The mechanism under which the signal-reception amino-terminal portion (A domain) of the prokaryotic enhancer-binding protein XylR controls the activity of the regulator has been investigated through complementation tests in vivo, in which the various protein segments were produced as independent polypeptides. Separate expression of the A domain repressed the otherwise constitutive activity of a truncated derivative of XylR deleted of its A domain (XylR delta A). Such inhibition was not released by m-xylene, the natural inducer of the system. Repression caused by the A domain was specific for XylR because it did not affect activation of the sigma 54 promoter PnifH by a derivative of its cognate regulator, NifA, deleted of its own A domain. The A domain was also unable to repress the activity of a NifA-XylR hybrid protein resulting from fusing two-thirds of the central domain of NifA to the carboxyl-terminal third of XylR, which includes its DNA-binding domain. The inhibitory effect caused by the A domain of XylR on XylR delta A seems, therefore, to result from specific interactions in trans between the two truncated proteins and not from mere hindering of an activating surface.

PMID:
7568139
PMCID:
PMC40991
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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