Send to

Choose Destination
Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Nov;86(5):775-9.

The changing clinical presentation of complete molar pregnancy.

Author information

New England Trophoblastic Disease Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.



To determine if the clinical presentation of complete hydatidiform mole has changed in recent years compared with historic controls (1965-1975).


Chart review of all 74 patients referred to the New England Trophoblastic Disease Center for the primary management of complete hydatidiform mole during 1988-1993 was performed and comparison made to historic controls (1965-1975).


Vaginal bleeding remained the most common presenting symptom, occurring in 62 of 74 (84%) current patients, compared with 297 of 306 (97%) controls (P = .001). However, anemia was present in only four of 74 (5%) current patients, compared with 165 of 306 (54%) controls (P = .001). Excessive uterine size, preeclampsia, and hyperemesis occurred in only 21 of 74 (28%), one of 74 (1.3%), and six of 74 (8%) current patients, respectively, compared with 156 of 306 (51%), 83 of 306 (27%), and 80 of 306 (26%), respectively, of historic controls (P = .001). No cases of clinical hyperthyroidism or respiratory distress were found in recent years. Ultrasound diagnosed complete hydatidiform mole before the onset of clinical symptoms in seven of 69 (10%) current patients. Among patients not receiving chemoprophylaxis, persistent gestational trophoblastic tumor developed in 23% of current patients and 18.6% of historic controls.


Fewer current patients with complete hydatidiform mole present with the traditional symptoms of complete hydatidiform mole (excessive uterine size, anemia, preeclampsia, hyperthyroidism, or hyperemesis) when compared with historic controls. However, there has been no statistically significant change in the development of persistent gestational trophoblastic tumor in current patients compared with historic controls.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center