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Nature. 1995 Oct 12;377(6549):548-52.

A WD-domain protein that is associated with and phosphorylated by the type II TGF-beta receptor.

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Department of Growth and Development, University of California at San Francisco 94143-0640, USA.


Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is the prototype for a family of extracellular polypeptides that affect cell proliferation and differentiation, and tissue morphogenesis. TGF-beta signalling is mediated by two types of serine/threonine kinase receptors, the type I and II receptors, which are able to form a heteromeric complex. No cytoplasmic proteins that associate with these receptors in vivo, or are their kinase targets, have yet been described. We have now identified a WD-domain-containing protein, TRIP-1, which specifically associates with the type II TGF-beta receptor in a kinase-dependent way. TRIP-1 does not interact with the type II activin or type I receptors, but associates with the heteromeric TGF-beta receptor complex. TRIP-1 is phosphorylated on serine and threonine by the receptor kinase, strongly suggesting that it has a role in TGF-beta signalling. This is supported by coexpression of TRIP-1 and type II receptor during development. The existence of TRIP-1 homologues in plant and yeast suggests a conserved function in all eukaryotes.

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