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Mol Gen Genet. 1995 Aug 30;248(4):407-16.

A new mobile genetic element in Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus.

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Nestlé Research Center, Nestec Ltd, Lausanne, Switzerland.


A new IS element (ISL3) was discovered in Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus during the characterization of the linkage relationships between the two genes important for milk fermentation, beta-galactosidase (lacZ) and the cell-wall associated protease (prtP). ISL3 is a 1494 bp element, flanked by 38 bp imperfect inverted repeats, and generates an 8 bp target duplication upon insertion. It contains one open reading frame, encoding a potential polypeptide of 434 amino acids, which shows significant homology (34% identity) to the transposase of the Leuconostoc mesenteroides element IS1165. Molecular analysis of spontaneous lacZ mutants revealed some strains that had sustained deletions of 7 to 30 kb in size, centered on and eliminating the copy of ISL3 next to lacZ. Other deletion endpoints were identified as located immediately adjacent to ISL3. Furthermore, genetic translocations that had occurred via transposition of ISL3 were observed fortuitously in cultures screened for deletion mutants. ISL3 can be found in one to several copies in various strains of L. delbrueckii. However, it was not present in other dairy lactic acid bacteria tested.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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