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J Med Chem. 1995 Sep 15;38(19):3813-20.

erbB-2 oncogene inhibition by geldanamycin derivatives: synthesis, mechanism of action, and structure-activity relationships.

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Pfizer Central Research, Groton, Connecticut 06340, USA.


Overexpression of the erbB-2 oncogene has been linked to poor prognosis in breast, ovarian, and gastric cancers. Naturally occurring benzoquinoid ansamycin antibiotics herbimycin A, geldanamycin (GDM), and dihydrogeldanamycin were found to potently deplete p185, the erbB-2 oncoprotein, in human breast cancer SKBR-3 cells in culture. Chemistry efforts to modify selectively the ansa ring of GDM afforded derivatives with greater potency in vitro and in vivo. Analogs demonstrated inhibition of p185 phosphotyrosine in cell culture and in vivo after systemic drug administration to nu/nu nude mice bearing Fisher rat embryo cells transfected with human erbB-2. Functional group modification in the ansa ring was performed stereoselectively and regiospecifically without the need for protection strategies. Essential functional groups that were required for anti-erbB-2 activity were the 7-carbamate and the 2,3-double bond. Modification of the functional groups at the other positions was permitted. Structure-activity relationships are described for 1-5-, 7-9-, 11-, 15-, and 22-substituted geldanamycins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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