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J Endocrinol. 1995 Aug;146(2):279-86.

Interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha increase insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) production and IGFBP-3 protease activity in human articular chondrocytes.

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Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, California 94305, USA.


IGF-I is the major anabolic factor for cartilage matrix production. Chondrocytes and cartilage treated with interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha), and chondrocytes from several models of inflammatory joint disease, exhibit reduced responsiveness to IGF-I. Since the IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) modulate the effects of IGF-I, we examined the effect of IL-1 alpha and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on IGFBP production by normal human articular chondrocytes in primary culture. Western ligand blots and immunoprecipitation of conditioned medium samples showed that articular chondrocytes produced IGFBPs-2, -3 and -4 and glycosylated IGFBP-4. Both IL-1 alpha and TNF-alpha increased chondrocyte production of IGFBP-3, but did not alter IGFBP-4 production. The activity of a neutral metalloprotease with the ability to cleave IGFBP-3 was also increased by IL-1 alpha. These data suggest that the cytokines IL-1 alpha and TNF-alpha may act to reduce IGF-I access to chondrocytes by increasing production of IGFBP-3. This may be a factor in the decreased matrix production in the inflammatory arthritides.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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