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J Biol Chem. 1995 Sep 29;270(39):22657-60.

Purification and characterization of the XPF-ERCC1 complex of human DNA repair excision nuclease.

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Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill 27599, USA.


A complex, which consists of ERCC1 (38 kDa) and a 112-kDa protein, was purified from HeLa cells to homogeneity. This complex complemented the nucleotide excision repair defects of rodent ERCC-1, ERCC-4, and human XP-F mutant cell-free extracts, indicating that the 112-kDa protein is XPF/ERCC4 and providing direct biochemical evidence that XPF and ERCC4 are identical. The XPF/ERCC4-ERCC1 complex has an endonuclease activity with preference for single-stranded DNA and a single-stranded region of duplex DNA with a "bubble" structure. This complex also nicks supercoiled DNA weakly, and this nicking activity is stimulated by human replication protein A when the DNA contains UV damage.

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