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J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1995 Sep;34(9):1147-52.

Risperidone treatment of children and adolescents with chronic tic disorders: a preliminary report.

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1
Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-7900, USA.

Erratum in

  • J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1996 Mar;35(3):394.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this trial was to investigate the short-term safety and efficacy of risperidone in the treatment of chronic tic disorders in children and adolescents.

METHOD:

This was an 11-week open-label trial and included seven subjects (five boys and two girls) with a mean age of 12.9 +/- 1.9 years. The sample included five patients with Tourette's syndrome and two with chronic motor tic disorder. The children were seen at baseline and for two follow-up visits. Three children had a comorbid diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

RESULTS:

Clinical response, as measured by the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale and the Children's version of the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale, revealed a statistically significant reduction in tic scores ranging from 26% [corrected] to 66%. One of three children with comorbid OCD showed substantial improvement; the other two subjects showed no change. The most frequent side effect was weight gain, which ranged from 8 to 14 lb.

CONCLUSIONS:

Risperidone, a neuroleptic with both serotonin- and dopamine-blocking properties, appears to be effective in reducing tic frequency and intensity in children and adolescents with chronic tic disorders.

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