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Hum Immunol. 1995 Jul;43(3):231-6.

Soluble HLA-G molecule. An alternatively spliced HLA-G mRNA form candidate to encode it in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and human trophoblasts.

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CEA-DSV-DPTE, Laboratoire d'Immunoradiobiologie, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France.


The HLA-G nonclassic MHC class I gene expressed at the maternal-fetal interface may be involved in cell protection against NK cell lysis. HLA-G mRNA is observed in different adult or fetal human cells and exhibits four alternative forms: HLA-G1, HLA-G2, HLA-G3, and HLA-G4 lacking, respectively, exon 7; exons 7 and 3, exons 7, 3, and 4; exons 7 and 4. Because exon 5 encodes the transmembrane domain of the HLA-G antigen, none of these transcripts could give a soluble form as detected in supernatant of trophoblasts. In this report, we describe an additional alternatively spliced for of HLA-G transcript (HLA-G5) present in adult PBMCs and first-trimester trophoblasts that contains intron 4. Moreover, as with all other transcripts, HLA-G5, is devoid of exon 7. Its relative frequency is, respectively, approximately 1:8 and approximately 1:26 in adult PBMCs and first-trimester trophoblasts. The presence of intron 4 generates a stop codon that excludes transmembrane region (exon 5) of the HLA-G molecule and therefore might produce a soluble antigen. These results are discussed with regard to data on soluble forms of classic HLA antigens and the possible role of HLA-G.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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