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Int J Cancer. 1995 Sep 27;63(1):119-23.

Anti-vascular approaches to solid tumour therapy: evaluation of vinblastine and flavone acetic acid.

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Gray Laboratory Cancer Research Trust, Mount Vernon Hospital, Middlesex, UK.


Several agents have now been identified which exert their anti-tumour effects in large part via the tumour vasculature; these include TNF alpha and flavone acetic acid (FAA). More recently, Vincristine and Vinblastine have also been shown to cause a prolonged and selective decrease in tumour perfusion. Vinblastine, unlike, FAA, causes no increase in plasma TNF alpha levels in mice bearing the CaNT tumour, suggesting 2 distinct mechanisms of anti-vascular activity for these structurally diverse agents. Since FAA and Vinblastine also show quite different normal tissue toxicities, which are separately dose-limiting, we have examined the strategy of combining these 2 agents. When Vinblastine preceded FAA by 24 hr or less, tumour growth delay was significantly enhanced without a concomitant increase in toxicity. The level of enhancement was not significantly reduced by a 5-fold decrease in Vinblastine dose, though any reduction in the dose of FAA caused a rapid reduction in treatment effectiveness. Investigation of the functional vasculature of treated tumours suggested that increased anti-vascular effects may contribute to the enhanced growth inhibition of the combined treatment. Our results demonstrate the potential benefit of combining 2 different classes of anti-vascular agent, using Vinblastine and FAA (or 5,6-MeXAA) as prototype drugs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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