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Immunol Lett. 1995 Mar;45(3):195-203.

Anti-CD40 monoclonal antibody induces the proliferation of murine B cells as a B-cell mitogen through a distinct pathway from receptors for antigens or lipopolysaccharide.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology, School of Life Science, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Japan.

Abstract

To study the activation and differentiation of murine B cells, we prepared a hybridoma secreting monoclonal antibody, LB429, which can directly induce the proliferation of murine B cells in vitro. LB429 recognizes a B cell specific surface molecule of 45 kDa. It recognizes an epitope of murine CD40 produced as a soluble fusion protein with glutathione S-transferase. LB429 stains COS-7 transfectant with murine CD40 cDNA and mature B-cell lines but does not stain pre-B cell lines. Two color staining demonstrated that the epitope recognized with LB429 appears on the surface of B220+ cells of spleen and bone marrow. LB429 can induce a strong proliferation of murine B cells from spleen in the absence of initial triggering with anti-IgM antibody or with anti-IgM antibody + IL-4. LB429 induced the cell size enlargement and the cell cycle transition of resting B cells as well as lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LB429 and LPS stimulate B cells synergistically in vitro by accumulating 44.7% of cells in S/G2/M phases of cell cycle. However, stimulation of spleen B cells with LB429 resulted in the increase of sIgM high+ sIgD(high)+ B cells, in contrast LPS showed the proliferation of both sIgM(high)+ sIgD(high)+ B cells and sIgM(low)+ sIgD(high)+ B cells. These results suggested that LB429 and LPS cause the proliferation of B cells through different stimulatory pathways. This anti-mouse CD40 antibody (LB429) is a very useful reagent to study the activation and differentiation of B cells in vitro.

PMID:
7558174
DOI:
10.1016/0165-2478(95)00006-q
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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