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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1995 Aug 15;131(1):69-74.

Characterization of phage phi O139, a Vibrio cholerae O139 temperate bacteriophage with cohesive DNA termini.

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1
Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh, India.

Abstract

A temperate bacteriophage isolated from Vibrio cholerae O139, the new epidemic strain of cholera, was found to have a polyhedral head 65 nm in diameter and a rigid contractile tail 120 nm in length. The phage chromosome was a double-stranded DNA of 35 kb, with unique cohesive ends and had a G + C content of 58.8%. A restriction map of the phage DNA was constructed using the restriction endonucleases AvaI and BstEII. The phage, whose presence could be detected in nine out of 13 V. cholerae O139 isolates tested, was found to have identical chromosomal integration sites in all the strains. The phage attachment site (attP) was found to be located very close to one end of the genome.

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