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FEBS Lett. 1995 Sep 18;372(1):13-9.

Isolation, characterization, and chromosomal location of a gene encoding the delta 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase in Arabidopsis thaliana.

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Laboratorium voor Genetica, Universiteit Gent, Belgium.


A full-length cDNA and the corresponding At-P5S gene encoding the first enzyme of the proline biosynthetic pathway, the delta 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate (P5C) synthetase, were isolated in Arabidopsis thaliana. The At-P5S cDNA encodes a protein of 717 amino acids showing high identity with the P5C synthetase of Vigna aconitifolia. Strong homology is also found at the N-terminus to bacterial and yeast gamma-glutamyl kinase and at the C-terminus to bacterial gamma-glutamyl phosphate reductase. Putative ATP- and NAD(P)H-binding sites are suggested in the At-P5S protein. The transcribed region of the At-P5S gene is 4.8 kb long and contains 20 exons. Southern analysis suggests the presence of only one At-P5S gene in the A. thaliana genome mapped at the bottom of the chromosome two. Expression analysis of At-P5S in different organs reveals abundant At-P5S transcripts in mature flowering plant. Rapid induction of the At-P5S gene followed by accumulation of proline was observed in NaCl-treated seedlings suggesting that At-P5S is osmoregulated.

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