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Exp Eye Res. 1995 Sep;61(3):351-62.

Ion, water and neutral solute transport in Xenopus oocytes expressing frog lens MIP.

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Department of Physiology and Biophysics, SUNY at Stony Brook, NY 11794-8661, USA.


We have expressed frog (Rana pipiens) lens major intrinsic protein (MIP) in Xenopus oocytes and observed its effect on ion conductance, water permeability and neutral solute transport. SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting demonstrated oocytes injected with MIP mRNA expressed the protein at high levels. Immunolocalization indicated the expressed MIP migrated to the plasma membrane. MIP had no effect on the slope of oocyte I-V relations in the range -50 to +10 mV, although the averaged I-V curve was shifted 10 mV positive to control. MIP increased oocyte water permeability by a factor of 1.9 +/- 0.2, whereas the permeability to sucrose, 2-deoxyglucose, inositol, sorbitol, reduced glutathione or urea was unchanged. Glycerol permeability was enhanced in oocytes expressing MIP. In contrast to control oocytes, 3H-glycerol radioactivity accumulation did not follow first order kinetics. Radioactivity continued to accumulate even after 19 h of uptake and went beyond equilibrium with the bath. The time course of MIP-mediated glycerol uptake was modeled assuming metabolic trapping with good results. Based on this model, MIP increased oocyte glycerol permeability by a factor of 2.7.

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