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Brain Res. 1995 Jun 12;683(1):43-50.

Fos-determined distribution of neurons activated during the Bezold-Jarisch reflex in the medulla oblongata in conscious rabbits and rats.

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1
Centre for Neuroscience, Flinders University, Bedford Park, Australia.

Abstract

Experiments were performed in unanaesthetized rabbits and rats to investigate the distribution, within the medulla oblongata, of neurons activated during the Bezold-Jarisch reflex. Repeated intravenous injections of phenylbiguanide evoked depressor and bradycardic responses in both rabbits and rats. Fos-positive neurons were present in the nucleus tractus solitarius and in the caudal ventrolateral medulla oblongata. Double-label tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunohistochemical studies in the ventrolateral medulla showed that most Fos-positive neurons in the caudal ventrolateral medulla were TH-negative neurons scattered between A1 noradrenaline cells, in the rabbit and in the rat. Approximately 20% of neurons in the caudal ventrolateral medulla in rabbits, and 50% in rats, were immunoreactive for both Fos and TH. Some Fos-positive, TH-negative neurons in the caudal ventrolateral medulla were retrogradely labelled with cholera toxin B-Gold after injection of this tracer into the sympathoexcitatory region of the rostral ventrolateral medulla. Our data suggests that neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarius, and rostrally projecting TH-negative neurons in the caudal ventrolateral medulla, are part of the pathway by which stimulation of cardiopulmonary receptors inhibits sympathetic vasomotor tone to decrease blood pressure during the Bezold-Jarisch reflex.

PMID:
7552343
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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