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Brain Res. 1995 Jun 5;682(1-2):22-8.

Neuromagnetic fields of the brain evoked by voluntary movement and electrical stimulation of the index finger.

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  • 1Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of Ulm, Germany.

Abstract

Neuromagnetic fields from the left cerebral hemisphere of five healthy, right-handed subjects were investigated under two different experimental conditions: (1) electrical stimulation of the right index finger (task somatosensory evoked fields, task SEF's), and (2) voluntary movement of the same finger referred to as movement-related fields, (MRFs). The two conditions were, performed in random order every 5-8 s. In addition, the task SEF's were compared to control SEF's recorded at the beginning of the experiment in order to find the optimal dewar position for localizing the central sulcus. The magnetic signals of the sources corresponding to the main components of the somatosensory evoked fields (early ones at 24 ms and at 34 ms, and late ones after 50 ms) and movement-related fields (motor field, MF and movement-evoked field I-MEF I) were mapped and localized by means of a moving dipole model. In four out of five subjects the MEF I dipoles were found to be located deeper than the early task SEF dipoles. In addition, all of the task SEF's components were found to exhibit larger amplitudes than the control SEF's components. The results are discussed in respect to the ability to selectively analyze contributions of mainly proprioceptive (area 3a) and cutaneous (area 3b) areas in the primary somatosensory cortex using magnetoencephalography. An additional finding of the study was that all of the task SEF's components were found to exhibit larger amplitudes than the control SEF's components.

PMID:
7552316
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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