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Brain Res. 1995 May 29;681(1-2):131-40.

Neovascularization of rat fetal neocortical grafts transplanted into a previously prepared cavity in the cerebral cortex: a three-dimensional morphological study using the scanning electron microscope.

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Department of Neurological Surgery, Okayama University Medical School, Japan.


Neovascularization within syngeneic rat fetal neocortical grafts transplanted into a previously prepared cavity in the cerebral cortex was studied 1 to 3 months after transplantation, utilizing scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion casts. The grafts were easily identified and the outer surface of the grafts, especially at the host-graft interface, was surrounded by large regenerated vessels of leptomeninges and connective tissue (e.g. dura). Large vessels originating from the choroid plexus also coated the grafts in animals whose lateral ventricles had been opened at the time of cavitation. These large regenerated vessels were mainly observed on the surface of the grafts, and they ramified markedly to form capillary networks in the vicinity of the host-graft interface. Occasionally several relatively large regenerated vessels were noted to extend into the grafts, and to ramify and connect with graft capillary networks having the same features as that of the host brain. Moreover, direct vascular connections between host capillaries and those within the grafts were observed. In some animals, arteries and arterioles which fed the grafts were identified in the perimeter of the grafts with their characteristic morphology. The interior microvasculature structure of the grafts was largely composed of the capillary network of graft origin, and of several relatively large penetrating vessels originating from the regenerated leptomeningeal vessels or the vessels of the choroid plexus. The present study demonstrated that the blood supply to the solid grafts transplanted into the previously prepared cavities originated primarily from the regenerated host vessels. These host vessels perfused the intrinsic graft vessels via new anastomoses which formed predominantly at the host-graft interface.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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