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Br J Surg. 1995 Sep;82(9):1270-3.

Randomized controlled multicentre study of the prevention of complications by octreotide in patients undergoing surgery for chronic pancreatitis.

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1
Department of Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University of Berne, Inselspital, Switzerland.

Erratum in

  • Br J Surg 1996 Jan;83(1):126.

Abstract

A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled multicentre trial was carried out in 247 patients undergoing major elective surgery for chronic pancreatitis to clarify whether the perioperative application of octreotide prevents postoperative complications. Eleven complications were defined, including death, anastomotic leakage, pancreatic fistula, abscess, fluid collection, shock, sepsis, bleeding, pulmonary insufficiency, renal insufficiency and postoperative pancreatitis. A total of 124 patients underwent pancreatic head resection, 55 left resection, 61 pancreaticojejunostomy and seven had other procedures. The overall mortality rate was 1.2 per cent (octreotide group 1.6 per cent, placebo group 0.8 per cent [corrected] (P not significant)). The postoperative complication rate in the octreotide group was 16.4 per cent (20 of 122 patients) and in the placebo group 29.6 per cent (37 of 125) (P < 0.007). The perioperative application of octreotide substantially reduces the risk of postoperative complications in patients undergoing major pancreatic surgery for chronic pancreatitis.

PMID:
7552016
DOI:
10.1002/bjs.1800820938
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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